Indian Scrap Prices Rebound As Steel Market Recovers

23 February 2023

Scrap prices are so high because scrap is in far higher demand than lead, for example, and the prices reflect that. Prices are also determined by how much steel is already on the market - if nations or corporations have large amounts of scrap steel stockpiled, they will not pay as much for it. Prices will rise if it is scarce.


Margin Pain


Even a basic examination of economic estimates reveals that the year will be difficult for many countries. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) reduced its global economic growth prediction for 2023 to 2.7%, the lowest level since 2001. Excluding the 2008 financial crisis and the painful period of the Covid-19 epidemic, according to the group, one-third of the world will be in recession this year.

In January-November 2022, the world's top ferrous scrap importer purchased 19.62 million tonnes of steel, a 12.7% decrease from the same period in 2021.


Why are scrap prices in India so high?


Prices reflect the fact that it is in considerably higher demand than, say, lead. Prices are also determined by how much metal is already on the market - if countries or corporations have large amounts of scrap metal stockpiled, they will not pay as much for it. Prices will rise if it is scarce.


Way Ahead


Scrap price movement will be mostly determined by domestic steel products, which are predicted to remain volatile as steel offers continue to rise and demand normally slows after a certain level. As a result, it is projected that mid-sized steel prices will fluctuate, and the scrap market may see variations in offers.


A major cause of the decline in output and accompanying drop in steel scrap demand? 



While energy prices are a concern for scrapyard operators in other places, consumers have been among the worst-affected steel market players in terms of power costs in the last year. The most spectacular flashpoint occurred when the energy market regulator announced a 50% rise in industrial electricity bills.


India’s recycling rates are lower than Global Market


Metal recycling is one of the world's most rapidly expanding businesses. Metal recycling is one of the most effective techniques to safeguard our environment. This demand is fast growing in a variety of industries. While substantial metal reuse and recycling occurs in India, and the sector has begun to expand at a decent clip, the potential for more is huge. Many start-ups have joined the area throughout the years, each with a unique approach to recycling waste metal.

The metal recycling business is expected to grow as people become more aware of the rare earth metal depletion and government rules become more stringent. Moreover, expanding urbanization, industrialization, and the rapid rise of the automobile industry have increased interest in metal reuse. The global metal recycling market is also expected to grow due to increased construction projects in areas such as Europe and Asia-Pacific. It's innovative, cost-effective, promising, and profitable.

Appropriate government assistance, such as streamlined policies and laws, can help these environmentally conscious organizations. Additionally, implementing sustainable practices with the help of smart waste management systems increases the company's reputation and client preference.


The recycling rate for all metals in India is much lower than the worldwide average


Consider the infinite recyclability of three primary metals: steel, aluminum, and copper, all of which India is a significant producer and consumer. But, in recent years, we have observed that we have been sluggish in recognizing the necessity of large-scale nationwide scrap collecting and re-melting. India is still in its infancy, with a low level of recycling knowledge. Regrettably, only 30% of recyclable scrap in India gets recycled. Resulting, we must educate people about the long-term advantages of recycling.

Many consumers must be aware of how or where to recycle their old items. As part of the endeavor, comprehensive recycling awareness initiatives must be organized.


The Indian government is pressuring primary steel manufacturers to increase scrap usage in their operations to contribute to a circular economy


Steel output should be 50% scrap-based by 2047, up from 15% now, according to India's steel minister, Jyotiraditya Scindia, speaking at the International Material Recycling Conference in Kochi. India plans to reduce CO2 emissions from steel manufacturing by half by 2030, and the minister believes the country's recycling sector can help. Scrap is an essential supply. Scrap should account for 50% of steel manufacturing, with the remaining 50% relying on iron ore.

The 2000 attendees at the conference, organized by the Indian recyclers' organization MRAI, applauded his efforts. 'We are quite pleased with the minister's assistance,' said President Sanjay Mehta on the sidelines of the ceremony. The fact that the government is represented here in Kochi by the person in charge demonstrates their understanding of the importance of the recycling industry to my country's future.


Future Industry in India 2025


With India's low per capita steel consumption, the Indian steel sector has enormous potential. Domestic capacity expansion and R&D expenditures will likely meet the demand for higher-quality steel products. The green drive is anticipated to make steel manufacturing more environmentally friendly and less expensive. The steel industry is vital because of the numerous applications of steel. The post-pandemic rebound is extremely beneficial to the building and infrastructure industries.

Indian steel consumption is estimated to reach 170 MT by 2025, with a capacity reaching 180-190 MT. Considering these facts, the future of the steel industry in India is bright, and the steel sector is likely to boost the Indian economy. The car industry is predicted to increase steel consumption due to increased demand for electric vehicles.

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