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Material Handling Equipments: Different Types and Uses

15 September 2022

Material handling equipment refers to a wide range of instruments, vehicles, storage units, devices, and equipment used in transporting, storing, regulating, enumerating, and protecting commodities at any stage of production, distribution, consumption, or disposal. The loading, unloading, and transportation of items within a factory or warehouse, particularly mechanical devices, are referred to as material handling. Material handling equipment refers to gadgets that assist a warehouse in its operations by transporting and storing commodities.

Material handling equipment is employed at every stage of the physical transfer or storage of commodities. It is employed in the transportation of raw materials as well as in the manufacturing process. Material handling equipment handles completed items throughout storage, transportation, and distribution. Material handling equipment enhances customer service by making things easier to identify and move, saves money by lowering the time spent moving products, and decreases product damage by carrying your products appropriately.

It also offers better protection against both permanent and transient limitations. Material handling equipment assists you in storing, moving, loading, and shipping your material. The selection of equipment expedites this procedure and contributes to the convenience of the workers. The material handling process must be followed from truck unloading to storage to shipping. There are material handling technologies used on construction sites. Let's go through a couple of them.

Types of Material Handling Equipments and Uses

Hydraulic Jack With Pump

The pump's purpose is to pull fluid from the reservoir during its intake, suction, or upstroke. The pressure is then created during the power or down stroke. A hydraulic jack works by pumping oil through two cylinders through a pump plunger. When the pump plunger is pushed back, the suction valve opens, and oil enters the pump chamber. As the plunger is pulled down, the oil is transferred into the cylinder chamber through an external discharge valve.

Pump: Moves hydraulic fluid from the reservoir to the main cylinder via a check valve.

Check valve: Prevents fluid from returning to point A while keeping pressure at point C.

The main cylinder: Responsible for transferring hydraulic fluid pressure.

The hydraulic jack's input and output are 1 cm and 4 cm in diameter, respectively. To provide force to the input piston, a lever with a mechanical advantage of 6 is utilized. Hydraulic jacks are divided into two types: floor jacks and bottle jacks. A scissor jack, hi-lift jack, motorcycle jack, and trolley jack are all common jacks.

Floor Jacks: Floor jacks are basic gadgets that assist you in elevating the car you're working. Using a hand lever, you may lift a piece of the car. These gadgets are extremely powerful and do not require a great deal of mechanical knowledge to use. A vehicle jack, floor jack, or garage jack is the most common, as it elevates automobiles for service. Typically, jacks are rated for maximum lifting capability (for example, 1.5 tonnes or 3 tons).

Bottle Jacks: A bottle jack, sometimes known as a whiskey jack, is a jack with the shape of a bottle, including a cylindrical body and a neck. Within is a vertical lifting ram with a support pad attached to the top. The jack might be hydraulic or screw-action. Bottle jacks are very useful for changing wheels and are commonly used with automobiles.

The jack is positioned beneath the automobile at the proper place for elevating the car and then pumped up using a detachable lever, raising the vehicle to change the wheel. There is a fluid reservoir inside the jack. When you pull up on the handle, a part of the fluid from the reservoir is pulled into a tiny void beneath a little piston. When you squeeze the handle, the piston forces the fluid into the main cylinder.

It has a bigger piston.


A hand truck is an L-shaped box-moving handcart with handles at one end, wheels at the base and a little ledge to set products on when upright. It is also known as a hand trolley, dolly, stack truck, trundler, box cart, sack barrow, cart, sack truck, two-wheeler, or bag barrow. A hand trolley is tiny transport equipment used to convey heavy items from one location to another.

It is a commonly used tool in various industries that transport physical items. Because hand trucks are likewise L-shaped, they may easily slip underneath the object to be transported without raising the item by hand. Once the object is in place, tip the hand truck backward to allow it to rest against the rear of the truck. To utilize a hand truck, slide the bottom platform beneath the moved item.

Using a hand truck is simple! Tilt your load (the things you wish to carry with the hand truck) forward slightly, slip the hand truck's ledge underneath that object, and then carefully tilt the handcart and the load backward while holding the handcart securely.

The hydraulic jack's input and output are 1 cm and 4 cm in diameter, respectively. To provide force to the input piston, a lever with a mechanical advantage of 6 is utilized. Hydraulic jacks naturally rely on hydraulic fluid as their primary power source. They are made up of two cylinders of varying diameters linked by a pipe and hydraulic fluid or oil. A pump plunger forces hydraulic fluid into the cylinder of the jack.

Hydraulic jacks are flexible lifting devices used in a variety of industries. There are two types of hydraulic systems: open-loop hydraulic systems and closed-loop hydraulic systems. While the actuating mechanism is idle, there will be fluid flow but no pressure in an open loop system. When the pump functions in a closed loop, fluid pressure is created. Remote Jacks are generally safe to use. Hydraulic fluid is widely used to provide enough pressure to elevate a car.

They are far more dependable if you add jack supports, which boost the vehicle's stability.

A wheeled toolbox allows you to transfer tools without weighing you down. When you carry tools for extended periods, they can become heavy and inconvenient. The wheeled toolbox saves a significant amount of time and energy. You may swiftly and comfortably carry items from one location to another with the assistance of a wheeled toolbox. They are frequently lighter than tool boxes, provide more storage possibilities, allow for greater customization, provide better protection for smaller objects, and are more portable.

Toolboxes are ideal if durability is necessary.

The EOT Crane travels along rails installed at the crane runway or Gantry Girders. The crane is mostly made up of bridge girders constructed of rolled sections like I beams/U beams or manufactured box sections. The bridge girder is held up by two end carriages, each with a set of wheels. Single Girder Cranes often lack a maintenance platform or have two tiny platforms for LT mechanism repair.

Double Girder Cranes feature platforms across the main rafters on both sides for maintenance and a platform for crab maintenance. Underbridge lighting is not included with single girder cranes. A double girder overhead crane is a lifting option for medium and high-duty loads. Double girder cranes provide superior support for the products being handled by employing two adjacently positioned beams, allowing for the transfer of bigger capacity.

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